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Cost Basis Reporting Regulations

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Basis Reporting for Debt Obligations and Options - April 2013

IRS Notice Delaying Effective Date for Cost Basis for Debt - May 2012

Proposed Cost Basis Reporting Regulations for Debt and Options - November 2011

Final Cost Basis Reporting Regulations - October 2010

Draft Form 1099-B for 2011 - September 2010

Basis Reporting Proposed Regulations - December 2009

Draft Form 1099-B for 2011 - December 2009

SEC. 403. BROKER REPORTING OF CUSTOMER'S BASIS IN SECURITIES TRANSACTIONS.
  (a) In General-
    (1) BROKER REPORTING FOR SECURITIES TRANSACTIONS- Section 6045 is amended by
    adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(g) Additional Information Required in the Case of Securities Transactions,
  etc-
    `(1) IN GENERAL- If a broker is otherwise required to make a return under
    subsection (a) with respect to the gross proceeds of the sale of a covered
    security, the broker shall include in such return the information described
    in paragraph (2).
    `(2) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REQUIRED-
      `(A) IN GENERAL- The information required under paragraph (1) to be shown
      on a return with respect to a covered security of a customer shall include
      the customer's adjusted basis in such security and whether any gain or
      loss with respect to such security is long-term or short-term (within the
      meaning of section 1222).
      `(B) DETERMINATION OF ADJUSTED BASIS- For purposes of subparagraph (A)--
        `(i) IN GENERAL- The customer's adjusted basis shall be determined--
          `(I) in the case of any security (other than any stock for which an
          average basis method is permissible under section 1012), in accordance
          with the first-in first-out method unless the customer notifies the
          broker by means of making an adequate identification of the stock sold
          or transferred, and
          `(II) in the case of any stock for which an average basis method is
          permissible under section 1012, in accordance with the broker's
          default method unless the customer notifies the broker that he elects
          another acceptable method under section 1012 with respect to the
          account in which such stock is held.
        `(ii) EXCEPTION FOR WASH SALES- Except as otherwise provided by the
        Secretary, the customer's adjusted basis shall be determined without
        regard to section 1091 (relating to loss from wash sales of stock or
        securities) unless the transactions occur in the same account with
        respect to identical securities.
    `(3) COVERED SECURITY- For purposes of this subsection--
      `(A) IN GENERAL- The term `covered security' means any specified security
      acquired on or after the applicable date if such security--
        `(i) was acquired through a transaction in the account in which such
        security is held, or
        `(ii) was transferred to such account from an account in which such
        security was a covered security, but only if the broker received a
        statement under section 6045A with respect to the transfer.
      `(B) SPECIFIED SECURITY- The term `specified security' means--
        `(i) any share of stock in a corporation,
        `(ii) any note, bond, debenture, or other evidence of indebtedness,
        `(iii) any commodity, or contract or derivative with respect to such
        commodity, if the Secretary determines that adjusted basis reporting is
        appropriate for purposes of this subsection, and
        `(iv) any other financial instrument with respect to which the Secretary
        determines that adjusted basis reporting is appropriate for purposes of
        this subsection.
      `(C) APPLICABLE DATE- The term `applicable date' means--
        `(i) January 1, 2011, in the case of any specified security which is
        stock in a corporation (other than any stock described in clause (ii)),
        `(ii) January 1, 2012, in the case of any stock for which an average
        basis method is permissible under section 1012, and
        `(iii) January 1, 2013, or such later date determined by the Secretary
        in the case of any other specified security.
    `(4) TREATMENT OF S CORPORATIONS- In the case of the sale of a covered
    security acquired by an S corporation (other than a financial institution)
    after December 31, 2011, such S corporation shall be treated in the same
    manner as a partnership for purposes of this section.
    `(5) SPECIAL RULES FOR SHORT SALES- In the case of a short sale, reporting
    under this section shall be made for the year in which such sale is
closed.'.
    (2) BROKER INFORMATION REQUIRED WITH RESPECT TO OPTIONS- Section 6045, as
    amended by subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end the following new
    subsection:
  `(h) Application to Options on Securities-
    `(1) EXERCISE OF OPTION- For purposes of this section, if a covered security
    is acquired or disposed of pursuant to the exercise of an option that was
    granted or acquired in the same account as the covered security, the amount
    received with respect to the grant or paid with respect to the acquisition
    of such option shall be treated as an adjustment to gross proceeds or as an
    adjustment to basis, as the case may be.
    `(2) LAPSE OR CLOSING TRANSACTION- In the case of the lapse (or closing
    transaction (as defined in section 1234(b)(2)(A))) of an option on a
    specified security or the exercise of a cash-settled option on a specified
    security, reporting under subsections (a) and (g) with respect to such
    option shall be made for the calendar year which includes the date of such
    lapse, closing transaction, or exercise.
    `(3) PROSPECTIVE APPLICATION- Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply to any
    option which is granted or acquired before January 1, 2013.
    `(4) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection, the terms `covered
    security' and `specified security' shall have the meanings given such terms
    in subsection (g)(3).'.
    (3) EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR STATEMENTS SENT TO CUSTOMERS-
      (A) IN GENERAL- Subsection (b) of section 6045 is amended by striking
      `January 31' and inserting `February 15'.
      (B) STATEMENTS RELATED TO SUBSTITUTE PAYMENTS- Subsection (d) of section
      6045 is amended--
        (i) by striking `at such time and', and
        (ii) by inserting after `other item.' the following new sentence: `The
        written statement required under the preceding sentence shall be
        furnished on or before February 15 of the year following the calendar
        year in which the payment was made.'.
      (C) OTHER STATEMENTS- Subsection (b) of section 6045 is amended by adding
      at the end the following: `In the case of a consolidated reporting
      statement (as defined in regulations) with respect to any customer, any
      statement which would otherwise be required to be furnished on or before
      January 31 of a calendar year with respect to any item reportable to the
      taxpayer shall instead be required to be furnished on or before February
      15 of such calendar year if furnished with such consolidated reporting
      statement.'.
  (b) Determination of Basis of Certain Securities on Account by Account or
  Average Basis Method- Section 1012 is amended--
    (1) by striking `The basis of property' and inserting the following:
  `(a) In General- The basis of property',
    (2) by striking `The cost of real property' and inserting the following:
  `(b) Special Rule for Apportioned Real Estate Taxes- The cost of real
  property', and
    (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
  `(c) Determinations by Account-
    `(1) IN GENERAL- In the case of the sale, exchange, or other disposition of
    a specified security on or after the applicable date, the conventions
    prescribed by regulations under this section shall be applied on an account
    by account basis.
    `(2) APPLICATION TO CERTAIN FUNDS-
      `(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any stock for
      which an average basis method is permissible under section 1012 which is
      acquired before January 1, 2012, shall be treated as a separate account
      from any such stock acquired on or after such date.
      `(B) ELECTION FUND FOR TREATMENT AS SINGLE ACCOUNT- If a fund described in
      subparagraph (A) elects to have this subparagraph apply with respect to
      one or more of its stockholders--
        `(i) subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to any stock in such
        fund held by such stockholders, and
        `(ii) all stock in such fund which is held by such stockholders shall be
        treated as covered securities described in section 6045(g)(3) without
        regard to the date of the acquisition of such stock.
      A rule similar to the rule of the preceding sentence shall apply with
      respect to a broker holding such stock as a nominee.
    `(3) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section, the terms `specified
    security' and `applicable date' shall have the meaning given such terms in
    section 6045(g).
  `(d) Average Basis for Stock Acquired Pursuant to a Dividend Reinvestment
Plan-
    `(1) IN GENERAL- In the case of any stock acquired after December 31, 2010,
    in connection with a dividend reinvestment plan, the basis of such stock
    while held as part of such plan shall be determined using one of the methods
    which may be used for determining the basis of stock in an open-end fund.
    `(2) TREATMENT AFTER TRANSFER- In the case of the transfer to another
    account of stock to which paragraph (1) applies, such stock shall have a
    cost basis in such other account equal to its basis in the dividend
    reinvestment plan immediately before such transfer (properly adjusted for
    any fees or other charges taken into account in connection with such
    transfer).
    `(3) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS; ELECTION FOR TREATMENT AS SINGLE ACCOUNT- Rules
    similar to the rules of subsection (c)(2) shall apply for purposes of this
    subsection.
    `(4) DIVIDEND REINVESTMENT PLAN- For purposes of this subsection--
      `(A) IN GENERAL- The term `dividend reinvestment plan' means any
      arrangement under which dividends on any stock are reinvested in stock
      identical to the stock with respect to which the dividends are paid.
      `(B) INITIAL STOCK ACQUISITION TREATED AS ACQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH
      PLAN- Stock shall be treated as acquired in connection with a dividend
      reinvestment plan if such stock is acquired pursuant to such plan or if
      the dividends paid on such stock are subject to such plan.'.
  (c) Information by Transferors To Aid Brokers-
    (1) IN GENERAL- Subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 61 is
    amended by inserting after section 6045 the following new section:
`SEC. 6045A. INFORMATION REQUIRED IN CONNECTION WITH TRANSFERS OF COVERED
SECURITIES TO BROKERS.
  `(a) Furnishing of Information- Every applicable person which transfers to a
  broker (as defined in section 6045(c)(1)) a security which is a covered
  security (as defined in section 6045(g)(3)) in the hands of such applicable
  person shall furnish to such broker a written statement in such manner and
  setting forth such information as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe
  for purposes of enabling such broker to meet the requirements of section
  6045(g).
  `(b) Applicable Person- For purposes of subsection (a), the term `applicable
  person' means--
    `(1) any broker (as defined in section 6045(c)(1)), and
    `(2) any other person as provided by the Secretary in regulations.
  `(c) Time for Furnishing Statement- Except as otherwise provided by the
  Secretary, any statement required by subsection (a) shall be furnished not
  later than 15 days after the date of the transfer described in such
  subsection.'.
    (2) ASSESSABLE PENALTIES- Paragraph (2) of section 6724(d), as amended by
    the Housing Assistance Tax Act of 2008, is amended by redesignating
    subparagraphs (I) through (DD) as subparagraphs (J) through (EE),
    respectively, and by inserting after subparagraph (H) the following new
    subparagraph:
      `(I) section 6045A (relating to information required in connection with
      transfers of covered securities to brokers),'.
    (3) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections for subpart B of part III of
    subchapter A of chapter 61 is amended by inserting after the item relating
    to section 6045 the following new item:
    `Sec. 6045A. Information required in connection with transfers of covered
    securities to brokers.'.
  (d) Additional Issuer Information To Aid Brokers-
    (1) IN GENERAL- Subpart B of part III of subchapter A of chapter 61, as
    amended by subsection (b), is amended by inserting after section 6045A the
    following new section:
`SEC. 6045B. RETURNS RELATING TO ACTIONS AFFECTING BASIS OF SPECIFIED
SECURITIES.
  `(a) In General- According to the forms or regulations prescribed by the
  Secretary, any issuer of a specified security shall make a return setting
  forth--
    `(1) a description of any organizational action which affects the basis of
    such specified security of such issuer,
    `(2) the quantitative effect on the basis of such specified security
    resulting from such action, and
    `(3) such other information as the Secretary may prescribe.
  `(b) Time for Filing Return- Any return required by subsection (a) shall be
  filed not later than the earlier of--
    `(1) 45 days after the date of the action described in subsection (a), or
    `(2) January 15 of the year following the calendar year during which such
    action occurred.
  `(c) Statements To Be Furnished to Holders of Specified Securities or Their
  Nominees- According to the forms or regulations prescribed by the Secretary,
  every person required to make a return under subsection (a) with respect to a
  specified security shall furnish to the nominee with respect to the specified
  security (or certificate holder if there is no nominee) a written statement
  showing--
    `(1) the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the
    person required to make such return,
    `(2) the information required to be shown on such return with respect to
    such security, and
    `(3) such other information as the Secretary may prescribe.
  The written statement required under the preceding sentence shall be furnished
  to the holder on or before January 15 of the year following the calendar year
  during which the action described in subsection (a) occurred.
  `(d) Specified Security- For purposes of this section, the term `specified
  security' has the meaning given such term by section 6045(g)(3)(B). No return
  shall be required under this section with respect to actions described in
  subsection (a) with respect to a specified security which occur before the
  applicable date (as defined in section 6045(g)(3)(C)) with respect to such
  security.
  `(e) Public Reporting in Lieu of Return- The Secretary may waive the
  requirements under subsections (a) and (c) with respect to a specified
  security, if the person required to make the return under subsection (a) makes
  publicly available, in such form and manner as the Secretary determines
  necessary to carry out the purposes of this section--
    `(1) the name, address, phone number, and email address of the information
    contact of such person, and
    `(2) the information described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection
    (a).'.
    (2) ASSESSABLE PENALTIES-
      (A) Subparagraph (B) of section 6724(d)(1), as amended by the Housing
      Assistance Tax Act of 2008, is amended by redesignating clause (iv) and
      each of the clauses which follow as clauses (v) through (xxiii),
      respectively, and by inserting after clause (iii) the following new
clause:
        `(iv) section 6045B(a) (relating to returns relating to actions
        affecting basis of specified securities),'.
      (B) Paragraph (2) of section 6724(d), as amended by the Housing Assistance
      Tax Act of 2008 and by subsection (c)(2), is amended by redesignating
      subparagraphs (J) through (EE) as subparagraphs (K) through (FF),
      respectively, and by inserting after subparagraph (I) the following new
      subparagraph:
      `(J) subsections (c) and (e) of section 6045B (relating to returns
      relating to actions affecting basis of specified securities),'.
    (3) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections for subpart B of part III of
    subchapter A of chapter 61, as amended by subsection (b)(3), is amended by
    inserting after the item relating to section 6045A the following new item:
    `Sec. 6045B. Returns relating to actions affecting basis of specified
    securities.'.
  (e) Effective Date-
    (1) IN GENERAL- Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the
    amendments made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 2011.
    (2) EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR STATEMENTS SENT TO CUSTOMERS- The amendments
    made by subsection (a)(3) shall apply to statements required to be furnished
    after December 31, 2008.

[Excerpted from THOMAS (Library of Congress) --H.R.1424-- DIVISION A--EMERGENCY ECONOMIC STABILIZATION].